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Monday, September 26, 2022

What is staphylococcus epidermidis, the reason why Edith Márquez underwent emergency surgery?

In recent months the singer and actress Edith Márquez has had to put her career on hold musical due to problems related to his health.

According to the interpreter, she originally had to be operated on due to a hernia that was pressing on the sciatic nerve, an operation that was divided into two parts to follow up; however, on the second admission to the operating room was the victim of a bacterium known as staphylococcus.

This led to a third emergency operation on August 5 involving a series of biopsies and catheters, but what is staphylococcus epidermidis?

What is staphylococcus epidermidis?

Staphylococcus epidermidis is a species of bacteria in the Staphylococcaceae family. It is part of the human microbiotathat is, it is naturally located in areas of the body such as the skin or mucous membranes.

Although in most cases it does not cause damage to the body, it is considered a opportunistic agentas causes diseases and complications when the immune system is weakened.

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How does it develop?

Staphylococcus can turn deadly when the bacteria enter the bloodstream, joints, bones, lungs, or heart.

Certain disorders and the medications used to treat them can increase the chance of getting infections by staphylococcus; The most prominent risk factors are:

  • Diabetes
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Kidney failure requiring dialysis
  • Weakened immune systems from disease, medications, or surgery
  • a transplant
  • Cancer
  • Skin damage from bites or trauma
  • Lung disease

Staphylococcus and its relationship with hospitals

Staphylococcus epidermidis, unlike Staphylococcus aureus or saprophyticus, produces a chemical that facilitates the adhesion of the microorganism on the prosthetic surfacesfor example heart valves and catheters.

The above means that also is present in hospitalswhere it can infect people with comorbidities, specifically those with a surgical wound.

In the case of Edith Márquez, the singer underwent two spinal surgeries, the second in which she was exposed to the bacteria.

Sometimes it is possible detect prior to surgical interventions the presence of staphylococcus through laboratory tests with nasal swabs. After its identification, a treatment is administered to eliminate the microorganism and reduce the risks.

They can also enter the body through medical material connecting from outside with the inside such as urinary catheters, cardiac pacemakers and artificial joints.

The bacteria stays on your skin / Courtesy

The bacteria stays on your skin / Courtesy

Symptoms and consequences

The main type of epidermidis infection is sepsis, an overwhelming and extreme response of the body that in case If not treated properly it can be fatal.

On the other hand, it can cause endocarditis, which is the inflammation of the inner lining of the cavities and the valves of the heart; The symptoms with which it can be identified are:

  • High fever
  • excessive tiredness
  • Headache
  • General discomfort
  • Decreased blood pressure
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

FM

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Reference from www.milenio.com

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