Who were the Beatles? The Liverpool Quartet

Talk about The Beatles is undoubtedly talking about one of the most important music groups in history, which remain in force more than 50 years after its foundation.

In 1956, John Lennon at the age of 16 founded a music band called as The Quarry Men, which was joined by Paul McCartney in 1957 and later invited by George Harrison. Although the death of Lennon’s mother in 1958 separated the band for a time.

This returned a year later, later they would be named as Johnny and the Moondogs, for a little while, going back to the original name with which they recorded an album with two songs.

In 1960 the group took the name of The Beatles, with which they would achieve world fame, they also had the incorporation of Stuart sutcliffe. However, throughout their early career they had problems with the drums, having several people on it, in 1962 Pete Best arrived to occupy that place.

Although that same year, after having stayed in Hamburg for several months, McCartney and Best were deported for causing a fire. Then John Lennon returned to Liverpool, but Stucliffe stayed in Germany. Near the end of 1960 they returned to play in England.

In 1961 they met Brian Epstein who saw them play at the Cavern Club, becoming their representative, which happened in January 1962. Epstein got them to record their first full-length album with 15 songs, but Decca Studios decided not to edit the recording, in what is considered one of the biggest mistakes in the history of music.

Later in 1962 they signed with Parlophone, a subsidiary of EMI Records. That same year, Pete Best was replaced by Ringo Starr, being formed the most remembered alignment of the group.

(AP)

Beatlemania began and the road to success

In 1963 the quartet began to gain fame and they recorded two albums, Please Please Me and With The Beatles. Both with great acceptance, with which the Beattlemania. The success was such that in 1964 they reached the United States and where they had a huge acceptance, as well as in many other countries. They got a huge world tour and their music began to be heard on all radios and televisions.

From that moment on they recorded several albums in the same year, standing out albums such as that of Help! (1965), Abbey Road (1969), Revolver (1966), Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967), Rubber Soul (1965) and The Beatles (White Album) (1968), among several more.

In 1966, John Lennon made the most controversial statement in his history, where he assured that “The Christian religion was in decline and they were more popular than Jesus”. This certainly affected them, as many religious groups went against the group.

Its sales broke records at the time of its launch but are still valid due to its great relevance and contribution to the world of music.
Image: Wikipedia

Some time later the problems began within the band, with creative differences and even with Lennon a little tired of success. After recording Abbdey Road in 1969, John Lennon announced his departure from the group to his companions. However, in 1970 the album Let It Be was still released, which would be the group’s last album.

In 1970 Paul McCartney sued for the dissolution of The BeatlesAlthough they parted ways at the time, the partnership lasted until 1975.

The death of John Lennon and the final goodbye

John Lennon continued his solo career, where he recorded eight studio albums. However, on December 8, 1980 was killed by Mark David Chapman at the entrance of the Dakota building in New York.

John Lennon was part of The Beatles
Mark David Chapman shot John Lennon on December 8, 1980. (Photo: AP)

After this the rest of the Beatles joined forces once again to pay tribute to their former teammates. George Harrison rewrote the lyrics of his song All Those Years Aug, featuring Ringo Starr on drums and Paul McCartney and his wife Linda on backing vocals.

Also in 1994; the remaining Beatles reunited for the Anthology project, where there were several arrangements and recordings of the three. In addition, there was a documentary telling the history of the group.

George Harrison died of cancer in 2001 and his former colleagues appeared at his tribute.

Years later, compilations and special programs continued to be published. There is currently a documentary in production by Peter Jackson, which would be out in fall 2021.

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