The US ‘Perseverance’ spacecraft is leaving for Mars on Thursday. This is the third Mars mission in the world in the last 11 days. Earlier on July 19, the UAE and on July 23, China sent their respective missions to Mars. The current three missions in the race to reach Mars are going with new and interesting objectives. This is the first attempt in history to fly a helicopter to Mars, from the discovery of water to the creation of oxygen. See, what are their features and what to do …
Perseverance, USA: Will create oxygen, take samples and also find water
Features: Perseverance has two devices – a 1000 kg rover and a 2 kg drone-like small helicopter, which will be in contact with the rover. Solar panel, carbon blade which will give speed and antenna. The rover will use plutonium power, which will last about 10 years. It also has a 7-foot robotic arm, 19 cameras and a drill machine that will take photos, videos and samples of the surface of Mars.
What to do: The production of oxygen from carbon dioxide, the study of the weather, which Mars astronauts will face. The discovery of water. The Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer will provide information on how the position of Mars can affect humans. Will study temperature, air pressure, radiation, dust.
Tianwen-1, China: The first mission to orbit, land, and operate a rover
Specialty: Tianwen means the question to heaven. Weight 5000 kg. Orbitor, Lander, and Rover are the main ones. A parachute that will help the rover land easily. Camera, 4 solar panels. Parachute for a soft landing, capsule, and retro-rocket for stopping and speeding on rocky-high-low surfaces. A cruise ship with 7 remote sensing devices.
What to do: 2-3 months of dizziness. This will determine the status of the landing and prevent failure. The cruise ship will study Mars by remote sensing devices, analyze rocks, detect water or ice. The first mission that will orbit Mars, land and also work a rover.
Hope Orbiter, UAE: Find out how and where the water went on Mars
Specialty: UAE’s first Mars mission. Launch from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. Height 6 feet and weighs about 1360 kg. Heatshield, a solar panel that will spread automatically after launch and continue to be charged by sunlight. The antenna which will contact the earth. In addition, a high-resolution camera, infrared spectrometer, and a third device ultraviolet spectrometer.
What to do: It will keep revolving in orbit. The infrared spectrometer will study dust, ice, cloud, moisture. This dust affects the temperature of Mars. Will search for hydrogen, carbon monoxide and oxygen. Supposedly, there was water on Mars before. Hope will find out what happened to that water?